Integrated Assessment of a Landslide Early Warning System
Project Title: Integrated Assessment of a Landslide Early Warning System
Collaborating partners: IIASA, University of Zurich
Early warning systems (EWS) for natural disasters such as landslides consist of different components including monitoring instruments, physical models, and decision making rules. EWS are rather complex systems, and it is quite difficult to quantify the impact of different factors on the overall system's performance.
We used a historical 6-hour rainfall data set from Colombia, which was utilized for a local disaster prevention project.
The landslide occurrence is simulated based on the historical rainfall data and triggering thresholds. The early warning issuance is based on observed precipitation that includes modelled error in measurements.
The evaluation of the EWS against observed rainfall data containing up to 200% measurement error and computation of the probabilistic damage functions showed that small errors in measuring rainfall do not significantly affect the overall damage, but errors greater 50% have serious consequences.
The results were presented on the EGU conference, Vienna, 13-18 April, 2008. Manuscript is in preparation.
Figure: Average damage and 95% quantile for 20 levels of the rainfall measurement error (starting from 10% to 200%).